2019_Nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide: signals in fruit ripening

Capítulo de libro: Gupta, D.K., Palma, J.M., Corpas, F.J.(Eds.), Nitric Oxide and Hydrogen Peroxide Signaling in Higher Plants. Springer Nature Switzerland, Cham. Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) have profound effects in growth and development processes in plant physiology. They act as signal molecules under normal conditions or biotic and abiotic stress situations. Fruit ripening is a highly coordinated process that needs the control of several biosynthetic pathways, including signal molecules such as NO and H2O2. On the other hand, enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants act to maintain the equilibrium and to prevent oxidative stress. This forward look reviews the relationship between these two active species and their interplay with ethylene in climacteric and non-climacteric fruit ripening. Throughout we emphasize the influence of NO and H2O2 crosstalk coupled to the hormone control, chloroplast to chromoplast transition, and their implications in postharvest technology.

Steelheart, C., Galatro, A., Bartoli, C.G. & Gergoff Grozeff, G.E.
Palabras claves:
Climacteric fruit - Non-climacteric fruit - Ethylene - Chloroplasts - Chromoplasts - Antioxidants - Postharvest - Plant hormones
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